Using animals to research and teaching on animals is regulated in the Northern Territory by Animal Welfare Act. In order to conduct animal research, the applicant must be licensed. A licence may be subject to conditions in relation to:
Research is defined as an experiment, procedure, test or study in which an animal is used and includes subjecting an animal to surgical, medical, physiological, biological, chemical or physical treatment. A licence is not required for a person in charge of animals in a child-care establishment, pre-school or educational institution unless the animals are used or intended to be used for scientific teaching purposes.
To obtain a licence a person/organisation must apply to the Animal Welfare Authority (through the Animal Welfare Unit). A condition of all granted licences is that a licensee must establish and maintain an ethics committee, or enter into an arrangement with an established ethics committee, to approve and oversee the work.
There are a range of ethics committees operating in Australia.
A person employed or engaged by a licensee to conduct a teaching or research program involving animals requires a permit. To obtain a permit a person must apply to the relevant ethics committee.
A moratorium until 1 August 2011 has been granted to allow people time to gain the necessary permits.
You may be prosecuted if you are conducting a teaching or research program from 2 August 2011 without a permit.